A Walking GPS Stick for Visually Disabled Folks-A Review


  • Gawad Kaushik Research Scholars
  • Gadala Ana


Walking-Stick, Visually Disabled, Walking Aid, GPS


A walking-stick for helping a visually disabled user is on condition that.
It consists of an extended covering taking a lever at one finish and a
distal finish conflicting the handle. At the distal finish of the housing a
wheel is fixed. The wheel being equestrian to the housing by a Swivel
base permitting the wheel to Swivel in any way in reply to the user
moving the walking aid. The extent of the covering is selected stated
by the user will well hold the grip of the walking aid however walking
with the wheel which is subsidiary the housing by progressing on the
bottommost. The housing comprises a telephone that is joined to
earpiece and electro-acoustic transducer boundary worn by the user.
The earphone/microphone interface authorizations the user to effort
the mobile phone expedient to procedure and receive telephone calls.
A GPS unit is limited within the housing. The GPS unit comprises a voice
interface that is prepared to obtain a plurality of book of directions as
Voice commands. The voice interface is any systematized to transmit
GPS info, like location, way of travel, speed and directions as Voice
messages. The earpiece and electro-acoustic transducer boundary are
prearranged to couple to the GPS unit stated the user will spread voice
commands to the GPS unit finished the electro- acoustic transducer
and consequently the GPS unit will transmit the Voice messages to the
user finished the earpiece.

Author Biography

Gawad Kaushik, Research Scholars

Affiliated to Mumbai University, Thakur Institute of Management Studies, Career Development and Research, Mumbai,
Maharashtra, India


Definition of swivel, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/


Nicholas, Allan1995. Why Use the long Cane. 1st

Edition. s.l. : Dexter,.

Shrivastava K, Verma A, Singh SP. Distance Measurement

of an Object or Obstacle by Ultrasound Sensors using

P89C51RD2. International Journal of Computer Theory

and Engineering 2010; 2.

Arditi A, Rosenthal B. Developing an Objective Definition

of Visual Impairment. Proceedings of the International

Low Vision. 1998; 331-334.

Research on problems of blind pedestrians, http://


Virtual Walking Stick for the Visually Impaired. [Online]



Omolayo A Design and Construction of a

Multidimensional Sensor Blind Man Stick. Electrical

and Electronic Engineering, University of Ibadan.. B.Sc

Project 2011.

Blind walking Stick Project, https://nevonprojects.com/

ultrasonic-blind-walking-stick- project/

Paul S. Duckett &Rebekah Pratt, The Researched

Opinions on Research: Visually impaired people

and visual impairment research, https://www.



Problems faced by blind people https://wecapable.


Wahab, Mohd Helmy Abd et al. Smart Cane: Assistive

Cane for Visually-impaired People. IJCSI International

Journal of Computer Science Issues 2011; 8.

Srirama D.Ultrasonic and voice-based walking

stick for the blind. Department of Electronics and

Communication Engineering, Gokaraju Rangaraju

Institute of Engineering and Technology 2010.

Kim EY, Wheelchair Navigation System for Disabled

and Elderly People, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/


Dakopoulos D, Bourbakis NG. Wearable obstacle

avoidance electronic travel aids for blind: a survey,”

Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C: Applications

and Reviews, IEEE Transactions on 2010; 40. Bruno,

Pollet. (2012). Power Ultrasound in Electrochemistry:

From Versatile Laboratory Tool to Engineering Solution.:

John Wiley Sons, 2 ISBN1119967864.

Corso J. Bone-Conduction Thresholds for Sonic and

Ultrasonic Frequencies., Journal of the Acoustical

Society of America 1963; 35.

Jae KS, Ho Y, Kim. Moon, In Hyuk Development of

a mechatronic blind stick. Seoul, Korea: s.n., 2001.

Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference

on Robotics & Automation. 2001; 3209-3213.

Shruti D, Sakhare A. Smart stick for Blind: Obstacle

Detection, Artificial vision and Real-time assistance

via GPS. 2nd National Conference on Information andCommunication Technology (NCICT). 2011; 31-33.

Robert N. Squire’s Fundamentals of Radiology. 5th

Edition. s.l. : Harvard University Press 1997; 34-35.


Takeda S, et al. Age Variation in the Upper Limit of

Hearing., European Journal of Applied Physiology,

; 65.

Popper A, Richard R, Fay. Hearing by Bats Handbook

of Auditory Research.: Springer 1995.

Larry B. Low Vision Education and Training: Defining the

Boundaries of Low Vision Patients. A Personal Guide

to the VA Visual Impairment Services Program 2006.

Srirama D et al. Ultrasonic And Voice Based Walking

Stick for the Blind. Gokaraju Rangaraju Institute Of

Engineering And Technology. 2010.

Pascolini D, Mariotti SP. Global estimates of visual

impairment: 2010. British Journal of Ophthalmology,

Quigley M, Conley K, Gerkey B et al. ROS: an opensource Robot Operating System. in Int. Conf. on

Robotics & Automation, 2009.

Sight City, http://www.sightcity.net/en/, 2014.

Cosgun A, Sisbot EA, Christensen HI. Guidance for

human navigation using a vibro-tactile belt interface

and robot-like motion planning,” in Int. Conf. on

Robotics & Automation, 2014.