Sustainable Architecture, a Concept Implicit in Iranian and Chinese Houses

  • Ahmad Pourmokhtar Ph.D. Candidate of Architecture at Yazd University
  • Yida Guo Ph.D. Candidate of Engineering at University of Liverpool
  • Mahshid Azali Khoshgenab Undergraduate student of Central Academy of Fine Arts, Beijing
  • Hamidreza Rahimi Ph.D. Candidate of Engineering at University of Liverpool
Keywords: Sustainable architecture development, Warm and dry environment, Iranian home, Chinese home

Abstract

Sustainable architecture has become one of the main concerns of contemporary human beings. The concept of development in a variety of areas is important, which is usually classified in three broad areas: social development, economic development and the development of the environment. At the same time, the concept of sustainability is one of the most important topics in architecture. Since this global movement has expanded in the developed countries in the decades of the twentieth century, it has long been important in industrial and developing countries, such as China and Iran. However, the mere pursuit of modern and sustainability buildings may cause a city or country to gradually lose the characteristics of their traditional buildings. Chinese ancient architecture has similarities with Chinese traditional painting art, and achieves the harmony and unity of subject and object by scenes, Spatiotemporal Association and perceived synesthesia in the process of experiencing object. On the other hand ancient Iranian architect also has historically possessed precious experiences and teachings that all of Iran’s buildings in all regions and climates, including inland houses of the desert areas of Iran, have a close relationship with cultural, social and climatic contexts. This paper studies the concepts and characteristics of sustainable development and sustainable architecture in Iran and China as a sample of Middle East and Eastern Asia ancient architecture. The content of this paper is expected to promote the design concept combining sustainability and traditional culture, and to bring new design concept to relevant designers and scholars.

References

1. Mishra AK, Ar. Sunita Rai. “Comparative performance assessment of eco- friendly buildings and conventional buildings of kathmandu valley”, International Journal of Current Research 2017; 9(12): 62958-62973.
2. Hosseinmardi, Hamid. Great Architects and Sustainable Design, Quarterly Journal 2004; 42, Spring 2004.
3. Hou Youbin. Architectural Aesthetics in China. 2009.
4. Ji Cheng. The explanation of Yuan Ye, Chinese Book. 2006. 5. Liang Sicheng. The history of Chinese architecture Author. 1998.
6. Saremi, Ali Akbar, Radmard, Taghi. Persuasive Values in Iranian Architecture, Cultural Heritage Organization, Tehran. 1997.
7. Su-Ch’eng L. Writing a Modern Chinese Architectural History. 1984
8. Tamidi, Fatima, Ta’ib, Fatemeh. Old Collections of Our Commonwealth, Soroush Publishing, First Printing. 1993.
9. Tavassoli, Mahmoud. Dry and Dry Climate, Revision Publications, First Edition. 1974.
10. Tavassoli, Mahmoud. Construction of the city and architecture in the warm and dry climate of Iran, Volume I, Payam-e-Noor Publication. 2002.
Published
2018-12-24