Sustainable Architecture, a Concept Implicit in Iranian and Chinese Houses
Sustainable architecture has become one of the main concerns of contemporary human beings. The concept of development in a variety of areas is important, which is usually classified in three broad areas: social development, economic development and the development of the environment. At the same time, the concept of sustainability is one of the most important topics in architecture. Since this global movement has expanded in the developed countries in the decades of the twentieth century, it has long been important in industrial and developing countries, such as China and Iran. However, the mere pursuit of modern and sustainability buildings may cause a city or country to gradually lose the characteristics of their traditional buildings. Chinese ancient architecture has similarities with Chinese traditional painting art, and achieves the harmony and unity of subject and object by scenes, Spatiotemporal Association and perceived synesthesia in the process of experiencing object. On the other hand ancient Iranian architect also has historically possessed precious experiences and teachings that all of Iran’s buildings in all regions and climates, including inland houses of the desert areas of Iran, have a close relationship with cultural, social and climatic contexts. This paper studies the concepts and characteristics of sustainable development and sustainable architecture in Iran and China as a sample of Middle East and Eastern Asia ancient architecture. The content of this paper is expected to promote the design concept combining sustainability and traditional culture, and to bring new design concept to relevant designers and scholars.
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