Development of Building Bye-Laws in Nepal
Keywords:Height, Ground Coverage, Setback, Zoning
Massive increase in population, high demand of urban infrastructure and limited availability of land resources is a global concern. When the inner part of a town becomes more and more congested, it expands towards municipal limits. Effective development control rules in such situation is imperative to tackle the important issues such as environmental degradation, pollution, overcrowding, congestion due to buildings in contravention of development control rules, narrow streets having no further scope for widening, buildings devoid of proper lighting and ventilation due to violation of setback rules, exceeding building height limit and tendency to utilize FAR fully by covering the entire plot area. Such situations affect systematic development. The reason may be either the building byelaws, under which existing development control rules are enforced, are too weak and inappropriate in addressing the problems of physical development or they are outdated and no longer suit the present socio-economic context. Nepal is not an exception to the same. So, this research is to study building bylaws in different time periods focused to manage development of Kathmandu City of Nepal based on literature review.
How to cite this article: Mishra AK. Development of Building Bye-Laws in Nepal. J Adv Res Const Urban Arch 2019; 4(3&4): 17-29.
2. Boob TN, Rao YRM. Compliance of building bye-laws and development control rules: A case study. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering 2012; 2(4):
48-59. ISSN: 2278-1684.
3. Chitrakar RM. A study of historic urban squares of Kathmandu Valley: Defining contemporary public open space design. MUD Dissertation. The University of
Hong Kong. 2006.
4. Chitrakar RM, Baker D, Guaralda M. Urban growth in the Kathmandu Valley: The transformation of public space. Past Present and Future of Public Space - International Conference on Art, Architecture and Urban Design, Bologna, Italy. 2014; 25-27.
5. Dangol PK. Comprehensively planned residential development: An alternative approach to land pooling and isolated housing in Kathmandu. MUD Dissertation. The University of Hong Kong. 2005).
6. Haughton G. Environmental justice and the sustainable city. Journal of Planning Education and Research 1999; 18: 233-43.
7. Viteikiene M, Zavadskas EK. Evaluating the sustainability of Vilnius city residential areas. Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 1999. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tcem20
8. KMC, CDR 2000: City Diagnostic Report for the City Development Strategy. Kathmandu Metropolitan City 2001.
9. Lynch K. The Image of the City. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press 1960.
10. Mathema AS. Housing and land markets in Kathmandu, Nepal. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cambridge University Press 1999.
11. Parajuli YK, Bothara JK, Dixit AM et al. Nepal building code - Need, development philosophy and means of implementation. 1999. Retrieved Oct 26, 2015, from
12. Shrestha BK. Housing provision in the Kathmandu Valley: Public agency and private sector initiation. [Article]. UrbaniIzziv 2010; 21(2): 85-95.
13. Mishra AK, Thing R. Structural Features for Earthquake- Resistant Load-Bearing Residential Buildings in Nepal. J Adv Res Geo Sci Rem Sens 2019; 6(1). 1-16.