Questioning the Neo-Classical Residential Buildings of Kano Metropolitan City Within the Context of Hausa Traditional Architecture
Keywords:Neo-Classical Residential Buildings, Hausa Traditional Architecture, Kano Metropolitan City, Built Environment
Kano metropolitan city in Nigeria is growing rapidly, due to increase in population and constructions of public and residential buildings. Though, Kano is a place where Hausa cultural expressions and identity were displayed in most traditional dwellings. It is also a city where basic traditional values of Hausa traditional architecture were kept for decades. Consequently, the designs of the neo-classical residential buildings of Kano metropolitan are no-longer in relation with the characters of Hausa traditional buildings. The residential designs succeeded in expressing new cultural features regardless of the Hausa traditional built elements and features. Meanwhile, the principles of sustainable built environment include not only technological considerations, but also involved social, economic and cultural aspects of designs. This paper aimed to seek the evolution of, to question why and to analyze the physical environmental impacts of the neo-classical residential buildings of Kano metropolitan city. In conscientious with the aims of the study, critical observations, physical and monographic survey are the methods employed to create a base for theoretical analysis and evaluations. The research revealed neo-classical residential buildings of Kano metropolitan city create constraints in the continual organization of the built elements and disorganized the cultural identity of the city positively.
How to cite this article: Aliyu M, Ahmad AJ. Questioning the Neo-Classical Residential Buildings of Kano Metropolitan City Within the Context of Hausa Traditional Architecture. J Adv Res Const Urban Arch 2019; 4(3&4): 36-45.
2. Ayila AE, Oluseyi FO, Anas YB. Statistical Analysis of Urban Growth in Kano Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis 2014; 2(1): 50-56.
3. Ahmed DM, Garba SB, Abdulkarim M. The Influence of Urban Governance Structure and Practices in the Suitable Development of Engineering Mega city in Nigeria. Journal of Architecture and Environment 2010; 2(1): 22-32.
4. Aliyu M. The Impacts of Post-Modern Architecture in Contemporary Residential Buildings of Northern Nigeria. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Eastern Mediterranean University, Department of Architecture, Famagusta, North Cyprus, 2013.
5. Aliyu M. Built Environment in Transition: The Significances of Postmodern Residential Designs in Cultural Sustainability. International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications 2015; 1(2): 30-40.
6. Blagojevi? L. Postmodernism in Belgrade Architecture: Between Cultural Modernity and Societal Modernization. Spatium International Review 2011; 25: 23-29.
7. Bushehri F. Classic Era and its Effect on Interior Design. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications 2015; 5(7): 23-29.
8. Boyowa AC. Changing Urban Housing Form and Organization in Nigeria: Lessons for Community Planning. Planning Perspectives 2005; 20(1): 69-96.
9. Colomina B. Architecture production: This Is Not Architecture (Rattenbury K, ed.). London: Routledge 2002.
10. David K. Postmodern Sophistication: Philosophy, Architecture and Tradition. Chicago. USA: University of Chicago press. 1990.
11. Demiri K. New Architecture as Infill in Historical Context. Architecture and Urban Planning 2013; No.7: 44-50.
12. Denyer S. African Traditional Architecture: An Historical and Geographical Perspective. New York: African Publishing Company. 1978.
13. Dmochowski ZR. An Introduction to Nigerian Traditional Architecture: Northern Nigeria. USA: Ethnographica. 1990; 1.
14. Eben-Saleh MA. Learning from Tradition: The Planning of Residential Neighborhoods in a Changing World. Habitat International 2003; 28: 625-639.
15. Ekhaese EN. Adebayo AB. Go-ahead Element of Domestic Architecture: Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics of the Residents in Benin. International journal of research in Humanities, Arts and Literature 2014; 2(5): 73-88.
16. Glassie H. Architects, Vernacular Traditions and Society. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review 1990; 1(2): 9-21.
17. Günçe K, Ertürk Z, Ertürk S. Questioning the ‘Prototype Dwellings’ in the Framework of Cyprus Traditional Architecture. Building and Environment 2008; 43(5): 823-833.
18. Jenck C. The Language of Postmodern Architecture: Academy Edition. London: Great Britain 1991.
19. Kiessel M, Besim DY, Tozan A. The New Architectural Classicism in Northern Cyprus. MEF JFA 2011; 2(28:2): 167-180.
20. Krier L. The Blind Spot: New Classicism. Omnibus Volume, (eds). Papadakis A, Watson A, Academy Editions: London. 1990.
21. Vlach JM. The Brazilian House in Nigeria: The Emergence of a 20th Century Vernacular House Type. The Journal of American Folklore 1984; 97(383): 3-23.
22. Moughtin JC. The Traditional Settlements of the Hausa People. The Town Planning Review 1964; 35(1): 21-34.
23. Oluwagbemiga PA, Modi SZ. Development of Traditional Architecture in Nigeria: A Case Study of Hausa House Form. International Journal of African Society Cultures and Traditions 2014; 1(1): 61-74.
24. Onal S, Dagli U, Dorati N. The Urban Problems of Gazimagusa (Famagusta) and Proposals for the Future. Pergamon Cities 1999; 16(5): 333-351.
25. Osasona CO. The Symbolic Value of Space and Material in Nigerian Traditional House forms. Journal
of Environmental Technology 2002; 1(2): 125-126.
26. Qurix WB. From classicism to Modernism: The Legacy of Professor Adeyemi EA. Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES) 2001; 2(1): 1-6.
27. Qurix WB. The Evolution of Modern Architecture in Nigeria. Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES) 2002; 6(2): 12-23.
28. Qurix WB. Reflection of Modern Architecture and Postmodernism in Nigeria. Kaduna Nigeria: Ahmadu Bello University, Press Limited. 2007.
29. Rapoport A. House Form and Culture, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. 1969.
30. Rikko LS, Gwatau D. The Nigerian Architecture: The Trend in Housing Development. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 2011; 4(5): 273-278.
31. Sa’ad, Haman T. Between Myth and Reality: The Aesthetics of Hausa Traditional Architecture in the Hausa-land. Unpublished PhD. Thesis, University of Michigan, Department of Architecture, USA. 1981.
32. Sa’ad, Haman T. Hausa Traditional Architecture in a Historical Perspective. International Seminar on Hausa studies, University of Sokoto, Nigeria. 1983.
33. Stern RAM. What the Classical can do for the Modern. New Classicism. Omnibus Volume, eds. Papadakis A, Watson H, Academy Editions, London. 1990; 31-2. 34. Walker JA. New Classicism. London: Library Association UK. 1992.