A Speculative Analysis of the Wastewater Generated by the Pulp and Paper Industry Using the Solar Photo Fenton Process
Keywords:Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD, Contaminants, Thermal Loads, Microorganisms Such As Coliform Groups, Toxic Chemicals
Due to the limited availability of water, improvements are going to be made to the quality of the wastewater that is flushed into the ground. As of right now, the Paper and Pulp manufacturing sector is now ranked fourth for its water usage, it is also most likely the largest producer of wastewater. The Paper and Pulp Manufacturing Industry Due to the proximity of dangerous compounds, wastewater is regarded as a natural hazard of an extreme level when it is either not treated at all or treated to an extraordinary degree before being released into waterways that can take it. “Effluent solids, sediments, absorbable organic halides (AOX), chlorinated organic compounds, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), contaminants, thermal loads, microorganisms such as coliform groups, toxic chemicals” are all examples of the types of contaminants that are inherently present in wastewater from the paper and pulp industry. Conventional methods for taking with wastewater from the paper and pulp industry include the use of physical, chemical, or even natural processes, in some cases, a combination of a few or all of these techniques is used. The methods that are currently used to treat wastewater are thought to be inadequate in terms of completely removing contaminants, especially organic debris. As a result of the fact that these organic compounds, in many cases, are resistant to the treatment approaches that are typically used, there is a want for contemporary engineering sciences. This article details the impact that the solar photo-Fenton process has had on the wastewater produced by the pulp and paper industry. In addition, an examination is being carried out to determine the colour and chemical oxygen efficiency (COD) removal efficiencies. The experiment is carried out in a lab-scale solar photo-Fenton reactor with a capacity of 1 litre, which is exposed to sunlight and has a reaction time of either 180 or 120 minutes. In the solar photo-Fenton procedure, the optimum dosage of 50:1 ratio of Fe2++H2O2 is obtained after 75 minutes of reaction time. This analysis is being suggested as a solution to the problems that arise while eliminating a diverse variety of contaminants and as a means of making more effective use of available financial resources.
How to cite this article:
Elang. A Speculative Analysis of the Wastewater Generated by the Pulp and Paper Industry Using the Solar Photo Fenton Process. Int J Adv Res Wtr Resrs Hydr Engg 2022; 5(1): 6-10.
Sethupathy A, Sivashanmugam P. Enhancing biomethane potential of pulp and paper sludge through disperser mediated polyhydroxyalkanoates, Energy Conversion and Management 2018; 173: 179-186.
Veluchamy C, Ajay S. Kalamdhad Influence of pretreatment techniques on anaerobic digestion of
pulp and paper mill sludge: A review, Bioresource technology 2017. DOI:http//dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.179
Karat I, Advanced Oxidation Processes for Removal of COD from Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents A Technical, Economical and Environmental Evaluation, Master of Science Thesis Stockholm 2013.
GuzmanJ, Mosteo R, Sarasa J. Evaluation of Solar Photo-Fenton and Ozone Based Processes as Citrus Wastewater Pre-treatments, Separation and Purification Technology DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur. 2016.03.025
Ikehata K, Li Y. Ozone- Based Processes, Advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment 2018. DOI:https://doi.org/B978-0-12-810499-6.00005-X
Laura G, Rosa J, Maria C. Advanced Oxidation Processes for Wastewater Treatment in the Pulp and Paper Industry: A Review, American Journal of Environmental Engineering 2014; 4(3): 56-70.
Kamali M, Gameiro T, Elisabete M. Anaerobic digestion of pulp and paper mill wastes- An overview of the developments and improvement opportunities, Chemical Engineering journal 2016. DOI: http//dx.doi.org/10. 1016/j.cej.2016.03.119
Sandberg M, Venkatesh G, Granstrpom K. Experimental study and analysis of the functional and life-cycle global warming effect of low-dose chemical pre-treatment of effluent from pulp and paper mills, Journal of Cleaner Production 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j. jclepro.2017.10.214
Kamali M. Review on recent developments on pulp and paper mill wastewater treatment, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2015; 114(2015): 326-342
Kumar P, Kumar S, Bhardwaj NK. Ashutosh Kumar Choudhary, Advanced Oxidation of Pulp and Paper Industry Effluent, International Conference on Environmental and Agriculture Engineering 15(2011).
Renata Toczylowska-Maminska, Limits and perspectives of pulp and paper industry wastewater treatment- A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2017; 78(2017): 764-772
Krishnan S, Rawindran H, Sinnathambi CM. Comparison of various advanced oxidation processes used in remediation of industrial wastewater laden with recalcitrant pollutants, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 206(2017): 012-089.
Lin Y, Liang J, Zeng C. Anaerobic digestion of pulp and paper mill sludge pretreated by microbial consortium OEM1 with simultaneous degradation of lignocelluloses and chlorophenols, Renewable Energy 2017. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2017.02.049