Woman Enterprenure - New Challeges
Keywords:Woman Enterprenure, Women director, feminist theories
Studies on women entrepreneurship have witnessed a rapid growth over the past 30 years. the field is in an adolescence stage with a considerable number of journal articles, literature reviews and books being published on women entrepreneurs. the objective of this study is twofold. first is to examine the number of papers published on women entrepreneurship in 12 established entrepreneurship journals from 1900 to 2016. second is to assess the growth of the field by specifically reviewing literature reviews published from 1980s till 2016 and put forward future research directions. our review findings suggest that there is still a long way to go in terms of building a strong theoretical base for research on women entrepreneurship. the lens of feminist theories can be applied in conjunction with the existing entrepreneurship theories to advance the field. methodologically, past research is dominated by the positivist paradigm and there is a need to embrace innovative methods to build explanations using a constructionist approach. further, studies are mostly restricted within national boundaries primarily being conducted in developed economies. there is a need to build transnational networks and foster professional communities to enable the growth of the field.
Ahl h. Why research on women entrepreneurs needs
new directions. Entrepreneurship theory and practice,
; 30: 595-621.
Ahl h, Marlow S. Exploring the dynamics of gender,
feminism and entrepreneurship: advancing debate to
escape a dead end? Organization 2012; 19: 543-562.
Ahl H, Nelson T. Moving forward: institutional perspectives
on gender and entrepreneurship. International journal
of gender and entrepreneurship 2010; 2; 5-9.
Baker T, Aldrich HE, Liou N. Invisible entrepreneurs:
the neglect of women business owners by mass media
and scholarly journals in the usa. Entrepreneurship and
regional development 1997; 9: 221-238.
Baron RA, Henry RA. Entrepreneurship: the genesis
of organizations. In s. Zedeck (ed.), Handbook of
industrial and organizational psychology. Washington,
dc: american psychological association. 1: 241-273.
Birley S. Female entrepreneurs: are they really different?
Journal of small business management 1989; 27: 32-37.
Bowen DD, Hisrich RD. The female entrepreneur:
a career development perspective. Academy of
management review 1986; 11: 393-407.
Bruni, a., Gherardi, s., & Poggio, b. (2004). Gender and
entrepreneurship: an ethnographic approach. New
Brush CG. Research on women business owners:past trends, a new perspective and future
directions. Entrepreneurship theory and practice 1992;
Brush CG, De bruin A, Welter F. A gender-aware
framework for women’s entrepreneurship. International
journal of gender and entrepreneurship 2009; 1: 8-24.
De bruin A, Brush CG, Welter F. Introduction to the
special issue: towards building cumulative knowledge
on women’s entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship theory
and practice 2006; 30: 585-593.
De bruin A, Brush CG, Welter F. Advancing a
framework for coherent research on women’s
entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship theory and
practice 2007; 31: 323-339.
Fischer EM, Reuber AR, Dyke lS. A theoretical
overview and extension of research on sex, gender,
and entrepreneurship. Journal of business venturing
; 8: 151-168.
Gichuki CN, Mulu-Mutuku M, Kinuthia lN. Performance
of women owned enterprises accessing credit from
village credit and savings associations in kenya. Journal
of global entrepreneurship research 2014; 4(1): 1–13.
Goffee R, Scase R. Women in charge: the experiences
of female entrepreneurs. London: george allen and
Goyal P, Yadav V. To be or not to be a woman entrepreneur
in a developing country? Psychosociological issues in
human resource management 2014; 2(2); 68-78.
Gundry lK, Ben-Yoseph M, Posig M. Contemporary
perspectives on women’s entrepreneurship: a review
and strategic recommendations. Journal of enterprising
culture 2002; 10: 67-86.
Harzing A. Journal quality list 2016; 57. Accessed from
Henry C, Foss l, Ahl h. Gender and entrepreneurship
research: a review of methodological
approaches. International small business journal 2016;
Hisrich RD,O’brien M. The woman entrepreneur as a
reflection of the type of business. In k.H. Vesper (ed.),
Frontiers of entrepreneurial research. Boston, ma:
babson college. 1981; 54-67.
Hughes KD, Jennings JE, Brush CG et al. Extending
women’s entrepreneurship research in new
directions. Entrepreneurship theory and practice 2012;
Jennings JE, Brush CG. Research on women
entrepreneurs: challenges to (and from) the broader
entrepreneurship literature? The academy of
management annals 2013; 7(1): 663-715.
Mcdonald S, Gan bC, Fraser SS, Oke A et al. A review
of research methods in entrepreneurship 1985–
International journal of entrepreneurial behavior
& research 2015; 21(3): 291-315.
Mirchandani K. Feminist insight on gendered
work: new directions in research on women and
entrepreneurship. Gender, work and organization
; 6: 224-235.
Moore DP. An examination of present research on the
female entrepreneur-suggested research strategies for
the 1990’s. Journal of Business Ethics 1990; 9: 275-281.
Sarfaraz l, Faghih N, Majd AA. The relationship between
women entrepreneurship and gender equality. Journal
of global entrepreneurship research 2014; 2(1): 1-11.
Sullivan DM, MeeK WR. Gender and entrepreneurship:
a review and process model. Journal of managerial
psychology 2012; 27: 428-458.
Terjesen S, Lloyd A. The 2015 female entrepreneurship
index. Report. The global entrepreneurship and
development institute (gedi) 2015. Https://thegedi.
Accessed 15 aug 2016.
Google scholar World bank. (2009). Enterprises surveys.
Washington dc: world bank.