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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Guidelines to prepare a Manuscript:

Cover Letter

The author should supply an approximately one page cover letter that:

  • Concisely summarizes why your paper is a valuable addition to the scientific literature
  • Specifies the type of article you are submitting (for example, research article, systematic review, meta-analysis, case study)
  • Gives the complete details of the Corresponding author (address for correspondence, contact number in case of urgent query).


Manuscript Organization

The length of a submitted paper should be commensurate with the importance, or appropriate to the complexity, of the work. The manuscript has to be submitted in the single column and should have the following layout or divisions:


Manuscripts should begin with the ordered sections:

  • Title
  • Authors
  • Affiliations
  • Abstract
  • Introduction


and end with the sections of:

  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Figure Legends
  • Tables


The title, authors, and affiliations should all be included on a title page as the first page of the manuscript file.


Authors and Affiliations

All author names should be listed in the following order:

  • First names (or initials, if used),
  • Middle names (or initials, if used), and
  • Last names (surname, family name)

Each author should list an associated department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the article.


This section highlights the main points of the article, outlines the results and conclusions and elucidates the significance of the results (Note that no references should be cited in the abstract)


There should be minimum of three and maximum of five keywords.


Section Headings


The introduction section  should:

  • Provide background that puts the manuscript into context and allows readers outside the field to understand the purpose and significance of the study
  • Define the problem addressed and why it is important
  • Include a brief review of the key literature
  • Conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the work and a comment about whether that aim was achieved

Materials and Methods

In the materials and methods section, the past is more natural because you are describing work that is already complete at the time of writing. Thus, it is simply a description of your actions.

 Results and Discussion

This section should be placed separately. It must represent sufficient experimental data to enable the experiments to be repeated. Authors must notify the main findings of the research, providing a clear explanation of their significance and relevance.


This section should contain a short conclusion text.


This section should contain a precise and short acknowledgement text.

Figures, Tables and Schemes

There should be no spelling errors\typo in the artwork in the Figures.
All the Figures and Tables are to be numbered and should be suitably cited in the text at their appropriate description, e.g., Figure 1 and Tables 1 and 3.



Style of Text Citation

References within the text may be given either as numbers within square brackets, e.g. 'It has been proven [15-18] ...' or 'Williams [1,4] has demonstrated that ...' or as superscript numbers, e.g. 'it has been shown in tests that pigs can fly 1 .' Whichever style you use, please make sure it is consistent throughout; do not mix styles       

Style of List Citation

  • Reference lists should appear at the end of each paper
  • List references in the order in which they appear in the text
  • Order the items within each reference (author(s) surname(s), initials, journal article title, journal title, volume number and page range) in a consistent way. Please ensure that, if using this system, your list of references is complete and correct, as it is very time-consuming and expensive to amend on page-proofs if references are added or deleted       

Examples of Vancouver References
Please note, the examples below are intended to be a guide only. The exact style used here will not necessarily be imposed if you have used a consistent, orderly and unambiguous system. 

Reference to a Journal Publication:
Peter IK, Paul KI. Causes and Prevention of Infertility. Int J Med Biomed Res 2009; 21:245–248p.

Journal Publication (to be published):

E. H. Miller. A Note on Reflector Arrays. IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published.

Reference to a Book:
Peter IK, Paul KI. Statistical Methods, 2nd Ed. Michael Joanna Publications: Nigeria; 1985.

Reference to a Chapter in an Edited Book:
Peter I.K, Paul K.I. Sampling Methods, In: Statistical Methods, 2nd Edn. Michael Joanna Publications: Nigeria; 1999. 281–304p.

Reference to a Thesis:
Ramadurg Y.U. A study of health status of geriatric population in rural area of Nagamangala taluk, Mandya district, Karnataka State. MD thesis. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science, Bengaluru. 



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