Use and Appropriation of Urban Public Space for Street Vending in Kathmandu
Keywords:Street Vending, Street Vendors, Urban Public Space, Spatial Use
Street vending is a survival strategy for many urban poor with limited education and job skills to access formal job market. Street vendors not only contribute to economic activity and service provision but also add vitality to the street scape. They use public spaces such as sidewalks and junctions which are often the sites of conflict between the street vendors, pedestrian and vehicular traffic. In Nepalese context, despite several studies carried on street vending for its economic aspect, spatial dimension of street vending has not been given much attention. In this context, this research aims to examine how vendors of Kathmandu use and appropriate the public space for street vending. Using both quantitative and qualitative research approach, 150 vendor respondents were selected in addition to pedestrians (30), shopkeepers (20) and municipal officials (10). Direct observation of the use and appropriation of public space was made in three different case areas namely New Baneshwor, Ratnapark and Sundhara. Findings from the research showed that street vendors strategically locate themselves in the areas with a high volume of pedestrians. The research also revealed that street vendors maintain their line of occupation and manage their scarce vending space by the informal system without support from any organizations. The research concludes that the use and choice of location is determined by the flow of people, types of goods sold where as the urban public spaces are appropriated through complex negotiation process among themselves through the system of first possession, the shopkeepers and sometimes informally with public authorities.
How to cite this article: Shrestha B, Shrestha S, Uprety S. Use and Appropriation of Urban Public Space for Street Vending in Kathmandu. J Adv Res Civil Envi Engr 2019; 6(3&4): 10-17.
2. Shrestha N. A study on the street vendors of Kathmandu municipality. Pertanika. 2013.
3. Center for Urban Equity & CEPT University. Inclusive design for street vendors in India. Technical Report. 2014. 4. Hlengwa SP. Street vending and the use of urban pubic spaces in Tongaat central business district, Kwazulu natal. 2016.
5. The Kathmandu Post. 10 zones designated for street vendors. http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/ news/2014-04-13/10-zones designated-for-streetvendors.html. 2014.
6. Bromley B. Street vending and public policy: A Global Review. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy. 2000. https://www.academia.edu/12106115/ STREET_VENDING_AND_PUBLIC_POLICY_A_GLOBAL_ REVIEW 7. Mishra AK. Implementation Status of Value Management in Project Management Practice in Nepal. International Journal of Management Studies 2019; 4: 1(1)
8. Bhowmik SK. Street vendors in Asia: A review. Economic and Political Weekly. 2005.
9. Brown A. Contested space street trading, public space and livelihoods in developed cities. Intermediate Tecnology Publications Ltd., 2006.
10. Sharma S. A matter of understanding: urban design strategies to integrate street vendors in Mumbai. 2007, published. https://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/42265/231840025-MIT. pdf?sequence=2
11. Panwar M, Garg V. Issues and challenges faced by vendors on urban streets: a case of Sonpat city, India. International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences 2015.
12. Sarkar S. Street vendors in the urban core of Kolkataproblems and prospects of their rehabilitation. International Journal of Science Technology and Management 2016.
13. Morales A. Planning and the self-organization of marketplaces. 2010.
14. Kettles GW. Formal versus informal allocation of land in a commons: the case of the Macarthur park sidewalk vendors. 2006.
15. Weng CY. Accommodate street vendors during the urban development process: With two empirical cases of Zhu lian (zl) and Guan dong (gd) public markets in Hsinchu city, Taiwan. 2013. https://core.ac.uk/ download/pdf/16520094.pdf
16. Ray CN, Mishra AK. Vendors and informal sector: a case study of street vendors of Surat city. 2011. http:// www.academia.edu/12106115/STREET_VENDING_ AND_PUBLIC_POLICY_A_GLOBAL_REVIEW
17. Kettles GW. Regulating vending in the sidewalk commons. Temple Law Review. 2004. https:// books.google.co.in/books?id=kCpbDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA816&lpg=PA816&dq=Even+when+competing+firms+in+the+same+sector+cluster,+there+may+be+advantages+because+the+cluster+attracts+more+suppliers+and+customers+than+a+single+firm+could+achieve+alone.&source=bl&ots=5bP8u5Jcnl&sig=ACfU3U3twAu5n4dZVZlER3W1Te1z0X5WSg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwik26rvz9_mAhW4zzgGHZwoBHoQ6AEwCXoECAYQAQ
18. Maskey A, Mishra AK. Labor Productivity Assessment of Armed Police Force Nepal Building Construction Projects. International Journal of Current Research 2018; 10(11).27.
19. Mishra AK. Assessment of Human Resource Capacity of Construction Companies in Nepal. J Adv Res Jour Mass Comm 2018; 5(4): 14-2528.