Cooling of Solar Photovoltaic Panel by Implementing Fins and Phase Change Material on Back Surface

Authors

  • Chintamani M Gujar Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Sammed B Birnale Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Akshay D Chavan Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Nilesh A Salunkhe Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Abhijeet A Patil Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Aniket A Khandagale Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Shri Ambabai Talim Sanstha’s Sanjay Bhokare Group of Institutes, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.
  • Avesahemad SN Husainy Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharad Institute of Technology College of Engineering, Yadrav, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

The performance of solar panels is incredibly addicted to the absorption of radiation. A number of the absorbed energy is converted into electricity, while the remainder transformed into heat. However, PV panels may experience intense heat that causes heat radiation in PV panels to increase. This radiation on the PV panel includes a negative
impact on the output of voltage produced and has the potential to cut back the performance of the solar battery. Therefore, it is necessary to style a PV-Panel cooling system to take care of the temperature of the panel to not exceed its effective working temperature. This project
work aims to take care of the PV-Panel temperature to not exceed the effective working temperature using Fins and PCM as a cooling medium. The variables used include the temperature distribution of the highest of the panel, the center panel, and therefore the bottom panel. The results showed that the employment of Fin and PCM maintains the
temperature of solar panels below 50ºC, relatively better than the PV panels that use air as a cooler. An experiment is performed with and without modification of PV panel and the result shows an increase in conversion efficiency by 5–7%.

How to cite this article: Gujar CM, Birnale SB, Chavan AD et al. Cooling of Solar Photovoltaic Panel by Implementing Fins and Phase Change Material on Back Surface. J Adv Res Mech Engi Tech 2020; 7(3): 9-15.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24321/2454.8650.202004

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Published

2020-07-18