Push and Pull Factors of Urbanization in Nepal: its Impacts on Household Perspectives

Keywords: Urbanization, City, Push and Pull Factor, Biodiversity, Infrastructure


Whatever talks on urban city and design in advanced countries like USA, UK, Japan, Russia etc is a day dream in developing countries like in Nepal, where plan development has not been in good practice as required to accelerate economic growth rate and to improve standard of life. It is a fact that urbanization is invisibly and visibly on process in the different parts of the country because of push and pulls factors as drivers of urbanization. However, these drivers are quite different with drivers of advanced countries. This paper investigates empirically and analytically whether household’s perspective is positive on such decision to push up economic growth and urban life, whether there are drivers to push and pull urbanization process, whether new municipality is an alternative city development approach through secondary and primary data sets. The descriptive statistics and correlation tools are employed. In urbanization process, there are political driver and demographic factor as pull factors and administrative and development objective as push factor, although there are not minimum requirements. In case of design, there is null and direction is still doldrums to future. Its impact on biodiversity and infrastructure are not positive in terms of conservation and development. Therefore, it needs more to be focused for right direction.

How to cite this article: Bista RB. Push and Pull Factors of Urbanization in Nepal: its Impacts on Household Perspectives. J Adv Res Const Urban Arch 2019; 4(3&4): 46-56.


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